Advanced Chemistry 12

Course Outline

Advanced Chemistry 12

Advanced Chemistry 12 is a continuation of the Advanced Chemistry 11 course. In addition to an in-depth treatment of the topics from the Chemistry 12 course, an independent investigation of a chemical concept is required.

Chemistry is the study of the composition, properties, and interactions of matter. Chemical knowledge advances within a societal context, and it is important for students to realize that the principles and laws of chemistry are the results of extensive scientific observations and analysis.

The chemistry program emphasizes the Nature of Science themes: change, diversity, energy, equilibrium, matter, and systems. These themes provide a means for showing the connections within the science programs. Laboratory work is integral to all science programs.

The chemistry program comprises two courses: Chemistry 11 builds on the fundamental skills, and knowledge explored in Science 10. Chemistry 12 provides a more in-depth exploration of various topics.


Thermochemistry focuses on energy in various systems and energy changes that occur during physical and chemical processes. This unit will help students to develop an interest in global energy issues and to generate possible solutions to problems. Doing investigations in the laboratory and performing calculations allow students to discuss their evidence and problem solving in order to consolidate their understanding of energy change.

From Solutions to Kinetics to Equilibrium

Many factors affect the rate of chemical reactions. This unit focuses on reactions that can be described as systems in dynamic equilibrium. The context might be hemoglobin at high altitudes, ammonia in the Haber process, CaCO3 in caves, acids corroding metals, sodium carbonate in the Solvay process, or any other relevant context. Problem-solving skills are used throughout this unit. Identifying variables and performing experiments to test equilibrium shifts and reaction rates are valuable learning experiences.

Acids and Bases

Acid-base systems involve proton transfer and are described quantitatively. Students will perform investigations, using precise observation and careful experimentations while looking at safe handling, storage, and disposal of chemicals and implications of acid-base systems.


This unit explores electric forces, matter, and energy in chemical changes, and quantitative relationships in electrochemistry.

Updated March 10, 2022