Mathematics Primary

Course Outline

Number (N) 

In grade Primary, although students say number names to 20, the focus is on developing a strong understanding of numbers to 10. Students explore numbers to 10 using concrete materials, pictures, words, and symbols. Students

  • say the number names by 1s to 20 and backward by 1s from 10
  • name the number that comes before or after a given number to 10
  • create sets of objects of a given size up to 10
  • count sets of up to 10 objects
  • describe numbers in two parts (partition) using objects and pictures 
  • match numerals (numbers) to sets of up to 10 objects
  • compare sets of objects, and talk about more, fewer, and the same as
  • recognize and name familiar arrangements of up to 5 objects
  • read, write, and recognize the number symbols (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) to 10
  • compare sets of up to 10 objects, and talk about more, fewer, and the same as


Patterns and Relations (PR)

In grade Primary, students use concrete materials, sounds, and actions to learn about repeating patterns. Students 

  • talk about and explore the repetitions that make up a repeating pattern
  • create repeating patterns using sounds, concrete materials, pictures and actions 
  • copy repeating patterns that have been created for us and predict what is next in the pattern
  • continue repeating patterns that have been created for us
  • look for patterns in our world and in other areas like art or music


Measurement (M) 

In grade Primary, students begin exploring the measurement of length, mass, volume, and capacity by comparing two objects directly. Students

  • use language to describe length, mass, volume and capacity
  • compare the length, capacity, volume, and mass of objects in our world
  • describe objects using comparison language such as shorter, longer, taller, or almost the same; heavier, lighter, or almost the same; bigger, smaller, and almost the same; and holds less, holds more, and holds almost the same


Geometry (G)

In grade Primary, students begin to learn about 3-D objects. Students 

  • look for and explore 3-D objects in our environment
  • use language to describe 3-D objects using words such as big, little, round, like a box, or like a can
  • compare 3-D objects and describe how they are the same and how they are different
  • sort 3-D objects and explain our sorting rule
  • build 3-D objects

Updated August 24, 2021