### Course Outline

#### Number

- read, write, represent, and describe whole numbers to 10 000 using concrete materials, pictures, expressions (e.g., 400 + 7), words, place-value charts, and symbols
- describe numbers to 10 000 in two or more parts (partition)
- explore place value (ones, tens, hundreds, thousands) to 10 000
- compare and order whole numbers to 10 000
- represent and describe decimal numbers (tenths and hundredths) using concrete materials, money, pictures, expressions, words, and symbols
- read, write, and recognize decimal number symbols (to hundredths)
- compare and order decimal numbers (tenths and hundredths)
- name and record fractions of a set and fractions of one whole
- learn to use common fractions and decimal numbers to describe real-life situations
- represent and describe fractions using concrete materials, pictures, and symbols
- compare fractions using concrete materials, pictures, words, and symbols
- understand and show the relationship between decimals and fractions ( can also be represented as 0.4)
- explain why different representations of the same number are equal
- estimate sums, differences, products, and quotients
- explain the reasons for our estimates
- choose appropriate estimates
- solve addition and subtraction questions mentally using a variety of strategies
- add and subtract whole numbers
- solve and create story problems that add and subtract whole numbers
- add and subtract decimal numbers (to hundredths)
- solve and create story problems that add and subtract decimal numbers (to hundredths)
- represent multiplication and division problems concretely, pictorially, and symbolically
- recall basic multiplication facts and determine basic division facts
- multiply two- or three-digit whole numbers by one-digit numbers using concrete models, pictures, symbols, and personal strategies
- divide one- and two-digit whole numbers by one-digit divisors using concrete models, pictures, symbols, and personal strategies
- ▪ solve and create story problems that multiply and divide whole numbers
- ▪ use a calculator for problems that involve larger whole numbers

#### Patterns and Relations

- identify and describe (orally and in writing) patterns
- identify and describe patterns found in charts and tables, such as the multiplication table
- determine missing elements in a pattern, table, and chart
- identify errors in a pattern, table, and chart
- create a table or chart from a pattern shown concretely
- use information in a problem to create a table or chart
- create a pattern concretely from a table or chart
- explain why the same pattern exists whether it is shown concretely, in a table, or in a chart
- use patterns in tables or charts to solve problems
- use diagrams (Carroll diagrams and Venn diagrams) to sort and organize information and to solve problems
- describe the patterns and relationships shown in a given Carroll diagram or Venn diagram
- use a symbol to represent the unknown number in an addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division problem (e.g., 24 ÷ 6 =? 24 = 6 × ? or 24 = 6 × ◊)
- write an equation with an unknown to represent a given story problem
- create a story problem for a given equation having one unknown
- solve one-step equations having one unknown
- represent addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division situations with an equation having one unknown

#### Measurement

- identify the number of hours in a day
- read and write time from a 12-hour analog clock, a 24-hour analog clock, and a 24-hour digital clock
- describe time as “minutes to” or “minutes after” the hour
- describe time as a.m. or p.m. and identify activities that occur during the a.m. and/or during the p.m.
- read and write dates in a variety of forms (e.g., March 21, 2015; 2015/03/21; 21/03/2015; or 21/03/15)
- describe area as the measure of the space inside a 2-D shape
- identify personal referents for a square centimetre and a square metre
- identify standard units (square centimetre and square metre) for area
- estimate area in square centimetres and square metres
- determine the area of regular and irregular 2-D shapes in square centimetres and square metres
- recognize and demonstrate that different rectangles can have the same inside space (area)
- recognize and demonstrate that for any given area, many different rectangles are possible
- draw rectangles for a given area
- solve problems involving area

#### Geometry

- recognize, name, and describe rectangular prisms and triangular prisms
- sort prisms using the shape of the base
- construct rectangular and triangular prisms from their nets
- construct models for rectangular and triangular prisms using concrete materials
- identify rectangular and triangular prisms in the real world
- investigate rectangular and triangular prisms to see the differences in the number of vertices, edges, and faces of each
- determine if two 2-D shapes are congruent
- create congruent 2-D shapes
- identify congruent 2-D shapes shown in different positions
- identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes
- create symmetrical shapes
- find examples of symmetry in the real world
- determine if a 2-D shape is symmetrical
- complete a symmetrical drawing when given one-half of the shape

#### Statistics and Probability

- read and interpret bar graphs and pictographs
- construct bar graphs and pictographs
- explore real-world issues and collect data to answer questions that students have
- use one-to-one and many-to-one correspondence to display data
- answer questions by reading and interpreting graphs

**For materials in French click here.**

**Updated August 6, 2020**